The improved Type 092 Xia nuclear powered submarine can carry upto 12 two-stage JL-1A submarine-launched ballistic missiles (SLBM) with  maximum range of 2,500 kilometers. The Type 092 Xia submarine also carry upto 12 Yu-3 torpedoes for Anti-surface warfare (ASuW) and Anti-surface warfare (ASW).

The People's Liberation Army Navy is now introducing new-generation Type 094 (Jin class)  nuclear powered submarine with JL-2 intercontinental-range submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) as a successor to the Type 092..
The development of the JL-1 submarine launched ballistic started in 1967 and it was tested from the submarine for the first time on 12 October 1982 from a Project 629 Golf class, diesel electric ballistic missile submarine.

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